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ISSN : 1225-827X(Print)
ISSN : 2287-4623(Online)
Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology Vol.55 No.2 pp.138-144
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3796/KSFOT.2019.55.2.138

A study on appearance frequencies and fishing ground exploration of trawl vessels obtained by analyzing AIS data of vessels in the sea around Jeju Island

Chang-Heun LEE,Jang-young AHN*

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explore the fishing grounds of trawl fishery, which are operating in the waters around Jeju Island, and to investigate the monthly shifting changes of the explored fishing grounds. Information on AIS of fishing vessels operating near Jeju Island was collected and analyzed from October 16, 2016 to October 16, 2017. Thus, the location of fishing vessels with the same operational characteristics as those in this industry was extracted and displayed on Google Maps' location drawings to analyze the dense distribution of fishing vessels according to the frequency of their appearance. In the distribution of fishing vessels that appeared in October, a wide range of fishing grounds connecting the upper and lower waters of the 221 and 222 sea of fishing area was found to have gradually expanded and increased density, showing the widest range and highest density in December, and then gradually decreasing from January 2017 to near extinction in May. The distribution of fishing vessels that appeared in the left and lower waters of the 243 sea estuary increased not only in November and December, but also in the appearing sea areas gradually moved to the 242 sea and the range of their appearance was extended to the 241 sea. In other words, the highly dense fishing area in December indirectly shows that it is winter fishing grounds for these industries. The distribution of these dense fishing vessels gradually moved north and west with each passing day, reducing their density and reaching a near extinction in August. However, in September, the density was gradually restored again. Fishing vessels that appeared in high density in the northern waters of the 224 sea east of the Yeoseo island in December were thought to be fishing vessels, whose density decreased over time, almost disappeared in May, and reappeared in July and August, showing a certain degree of density, and then decreased again.